Researchers from New Zealand’s University of Otago think dividing sports competitions into men’s and women’s isn’t sufficient to deal with transgender individuals, and thus want a "more nuanced approach." As The College Fix reports, the study is titled, “Transwomen in elite sport: scientific and ethical considerations."
BioEdge noted that the study stated, " ... it is important to both extend and celebrate diversity, while maintaining fairness for cis-women in sport. To be simultaneously inclusive and fair at the elite level the male/ female binary must be discarded in favour of a more nuanced approach. We conclude that the gender binary in sport has perhaps had its day.”
BioEdge stated, "International Olympic Committee guidelines from 2015 permit transwomen to compete against cis-women if their testosterone is held below 10 nmol/L. However, this is much higher than that of cis-women. So should transwomen be allowed to compete in women’s events? The University of Otago researchers believe that they should, but that ‘the existing male/female categories in sport should be abandoned in favour of a more nuanced approach satisfying both inclusion and fairness.’”
Bioedge added, “The best solution is to dump the male/female binary in sport, replacing it with an algorithm which takes into account gender identity, socioeconomic status and physiology.”
The College Fix pointed out:
Recently, a trans woman from Franklin Pierce University won the school’s first-ever national individual woman’s track title. She had competed as a man just the year before. In Connecticut, three high school female athletes have asked the US Department of Education to investigate the state’s governing athletic association for Title IX violations. Girls who are boys “in every biological and physiological respect” are permitted to compete with biological females in school sporting events.
In an article at Intellectual Takeout from April, attorney Deana Bass Williams argued:
It doesn’t matter where you fall on the political divide. Both the far left and the far right should be able to concede that men are biologically stronger than women. This is not a distinction of value, but a distinction of difference. Men are not smarter, more valued, or more worthy of praise than women—their biological makeup simply renders them stronger, faster, and bigger than women.
The issue of whether a boy should dress like and identify as a girl, or undergo surgery to “become” a girl, is a moral and ethical issue for another article. But the question of whether a boy, once he identifies as a girl, should have the right to play on the girl’s sports team is easy. The answer is no.
In February, tennis legend and openly gay LGBT rights advocate Martina Navratilova slammed allowing male-to-female transgender athletes to compete against biological females for women's sports titles. She asserted:
To put the argument at its most basic: a man can decide to be female, take hormones if required by whatever sporting organization is concerned, win everything in sight and perhaps earn a small fortune, and then reverse his decision and go back to making babies if he so desires. It’s insane and it’s cheating. I am happy to address a transgender woman in whatever form she prefers, but I would not be happy to compete against her. It would not be fair.
Simply reducing hormone levels — the prescription most sports have adopted — does not solve the problem. A man builds up muscle and bone density, as well as a greater number of oxygen-carrying red blood cells, from childhood. Training increases the discrepancy. Indeed, if a male were to change gender in such a way as to eliminate any accumulated advantage, he would have to begin hormone treatment before puberty. For me, that is unthinkable.